TA3 uses transition analysis and machine learning to provide age estimates from skeletal indicators with explicit probabilities and intervals.
The TA3 team. From left to right, Stephen Ousley, Peter Tarp, Svenja Weise, George Milner, Jesper Boldsen, and Sara Getz.
National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Award # 2014-DN-BX-K007: Adult Age Estimated From New Skeletal Traits And Enhanced Computer-Based Transition Analysis. Co-PIs: GR Milner, JL Boldsen, SD Ousley.
National Science Foundation (NSF) Award #1455810: Doctoral Dissertation Research: Improved Skeletal
Age-at-Death Estimation and Its Impact on Archaeological Analyses. Co-PIs: SM Getz and GR Milner.
The Velux Foundation - ‘Ophelia – People Through 1000 Years Project’
The research team would like to thank the following individuals and institutions that provided access to skeletal collections.
(1) Locations of NIJ and NSF-funded research that directly contributed to this manual.
(2) Locations of essential pilot studies and other contributing research conducted by the research team over many years.
Lee Jantz and Dawnie Steadman, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Tennessee (1,2)
Erika L’Abbé and Marius Loots – Dept. of Anatomy, The University of Pretoria (1)
Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh – Forensic Osteology Research Center, University of Chiang Mai (1)
Heather Edgar – Maxwell Museum, University of New Mexico (1,2)
Efstratios Valakos and Panagiota Papazafiri – Dept. of Biology – University of Athens (2)
Jelena Bekvalac – Centre for Human Bioarchaeology, Museum of London (1)
St. Bride’s Church (London, UK) (1)
Joshua Barkey – Dept. of Anthropology, University of Toronto (2)
Shirley Schermer – Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist (2)
The Department of Anthropology (ADBOU), Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark (2)
Dennis Dirkmaat and Steven Symes – Dept. of Applied Forensic Sciences, Mercyhurst University (2)
David Hunt – National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (2)
Michael D. Wiant and Terrance Martin, Illinois State Museum, Norris Farms Skeletal Collection (2)
Ana Luísa Santos – University of Coimbra (2)
A special thanks to David Anderson (University of Tennessee) who provided housing to George Milner while collecting the 2009-2010 preliminary data used as a pilot study for the NIJ grant.
The research team would also like to thank the staff and students who facilitated day-to-day operations at these collections. Without their help and good humor, this work would not have been possible.
NIJ Final Report (when available)